Cleaning your bike: A How-to Guide

Cleaning your bike, oiling the chain, etc.

Too much dirt will shorten the life of your bike. With regular maintenance, however, can prevent avoidable wear and tear. In this article, we'll explain to you how to clean and oil your city, mountain and road bike properly and whether expensive special cleaning agents are worth the hassle.

Biking cleaned with sponge

Why regular bicycle care is important

Dirt and the resulting rust, among other things, compromise the health of your entire bike. The cable's elascity is reduced, the brakes get cloged with mud and the gears become too stiff to change. Dirt in the chain, gears and breaks compromise the life span of the bike itself.

Man cleaning bike
Regular cleaning protects yourself and your bike from corrosion.

Especially in winter, regular cleaning is a must, because road salts attack not only the components of your bike but also the paintwork and promotes rust formation. Without proper bike cleaning and maintenance, a component could break while riding and lead to an injury!

Equipment: What you'll need to clean your bike

There is a special cleaning agent for almost every part of the bicycle. They can be a bit expensive. For basic cleaning, you can do without expensive special cleaning agents. When caring for your chain, however, we recommend spending a bit more to ensure a long-lasting chain.

Man wants to clean his bike
Chemicals to clean your bike don't need to be overly expensive, as you don't need top shelf cleaning agents.

The right cleaner for the right job

Soap is perfect for cleaning the frame and wheels. Make sure that the soap is biodegradable when cleaning the bike outside.

For the chain you can use a WD-40.

Important: Don't use strong or aggressive cleaning agents. Excess chemicals drip down onto other components, often causing damange to the bike.

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Wax or oil on the bike?

When you take care of your chain, it's important you take care of it correctly. There are two options for this.

  • Oil the chain:
    You can choose between thin or thick oil. Dust and dirt adhere less to thin oil, but thin oil must be applied more often. Thick oil, on the other hand, attracts more dirt but is longer lasting.
  • Wax the chain:
    Wax is dirt and water repellent and therefore keeps the chain cleaner. In addition, it does not stain clothing. However, wax needs to be reapplied every 80 to 120 km, and therefore more often than oil (every 120 to 300 km).
  • Bicycle chain being oiled
    Whether to wax or oil the chain depends upon your personal preference.

    Should I use a high pressure cleaner?

    Do not clean your bike with a high-pressure washer: High pressure can cause water to enter the sealed wheel bearings, which will then begin to rust.

    Bicycle cleaned with high pressure washer
    High-pressure washers can get water into the wheel bearings, which then start to rust.

    You can also use the following to clean your bicycle:

  • a garden hose
  • several buckets of water
  • a watering can
  • a pressure washer with a water tank
  • What you'll need to clean your bike

  • bucket with warm water
  • soap with biodegradable all-purpose cleaner
  • brush
  • toothbrush
  • sponge
  • several rags/cloths
  • spray oil (e.g. WD-40)
  • chain lubricant (e.g. chain wax or chain oil)
  • garden hose, watering can or water pressure cleaner
  • fine grade sandpaper or steel wool
  • Step-by-step instructions: How to clean your bike properly

    The most important up front:

  • Coarse dirt should be removed from your bike after every ride. Just following step 1 to 3 for instructions on how to do so.
  • In the following steps, we'll give you everything you need to know to care for your bike.
  • Our Tip: Take the time while cleaning your bike to check for any damange.

    Step 1: Soak and remove coarse dirt

    Before you start to remove dirt with a brush, you should first soak the bike.

    » For step 1, you'll need:

  • water with soap
  • brush and sponge
  • toothbrush
  • spray oil (WD-40)
  • » Take note of the following steps:

      1. Soak the frame and wheels with rinse water for about 10 to 20 minutes.
      2. Scrub off stubborn dirt with a brush or sponge.
      3. Clean the wheels from inside to outside (hubs - spokes - rims).
      4. Then move to the cassette, cleaning the chainrings and front derailleur with a sponge or toothbrush. For persistent dirt, use WD-40 or a degreaser.
      5. Be sure not to pressure clean nuts, screws or bearings, shocks or the suspension fork, so that no water or dirt enters and rusts the ball bearings.
      6. Finally, rinse the bicycle with a detergent on a low pressure setting.

    Important: Rinse the brush or sponge often to avoid scratching the paint with microscopic rocks and dirt.

    In the video you can see exactly how to clean the drive chain:

    Step 2: Cleaning the chain

    If you clean your bicycle chain, make sure that you do not completely degrease the chain. Otherwise, the oil between the pin and the chain links may become weak and break.

    » For step 2, you'll need:

  • Rinsing water
  • 2 cloths/rags
  • WD-40
  • A toothbrush
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    » Here's how it works:

      1. Take the rag dipped in water and grab the chain with it. Turn the crank so that the chain moves under your hand with the cloth and clean.
      2. For die-hard dirt, put a bit of WD-40 on a rag and attack the chain.
      3. Use a toothbrush to remove dirt between chain links.

    Still not clear? The following video should give you an idea of what we mean:

    Step 3: Cleaning the brakes

    It is very important that the brakes are completely free of dirt and dust. While you're here, try to remove any rust that has accumlated here.

    » For step 3, you'll need:

  • Fine sandpaper or steel wool
  • Water for rinsing
  • Brushes
  • Cloths or rags
  • Brake cleaner, if needed
  • Brakes are being sprayed
    We recommend disconnecting the breaks to get in every crack and crevice.

    » Here's how it works:

      1. Disconnect the bicycle's brake. This will help you better clean. You can find out how this works in the assembly instructions of your bicycle.
      2. Remove dirt with rinse water and a brush.
      3. Use a steel wool to remove any rust.
      4. Clean the disc brake again of residues that result from the brake pads being grounded up, for this you can use brake cleaner if necessary.
      5. Reassemble the brakes after they've dried.

    The following video will show you the individual steps:

    Step 4: Cleaning the gear and brake cables

    Dirt and water can easily get into the outer shell of the inner cables if the brake cables are exposed. Therefore, regular cleaning is therefore very important.

    » For the 4th step, you'll need the following:

  • wet rags/cloths
  • grease
  • » Here are the steps:

      1. Disconnect the brakes.
      2. Unhook the front and back brakes at the tires.
      3. Shift down to the smallest gear.
      4. Release the inner cables in the clamping area.
      5. Take the whole train out of the stop and move the outer cover.
      6. Clean the inner slides with a damp cloth.
      7. Provide the inner cables with a light film of grease (Attention: Not with Teflon coating!)
      8. Reattach the brake cables.

    In the following video, you'll see how to removed and grease the brakes:

    Step 5: Drying & Maintenance

    After cleaning, be sure to let your bike dry and also let all other components dry as well. Once everything has dried, you can begin oil and greasing.

    You can also spray the frame with an anti-dirt oil, let it set for 5 minutes and then wipe it away after around 5 minutes. The oil will help prevent dirt and dust from sticking to the frame.

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    Step 6: Greasing and oiling the chain

    Finally, spray the gears, cables and brake joints with oil, and remove excess oil with a damp cloth.

    Also grease your bicycle chain with oil or wax.

    » When applying oil to the chain, you'll need:

  • Chain oil or chain wax
  • A cloth
  • Make sure to apply grease sparingly. You can either apply the oil through direct contact or transfer the grease from a rag to the chain.

    Here you can learn how to oil your bike chain:

    Important: Be sure that no oil comes in contact with the brakes. Should this happen, remove the oil with a brake cleaner immediately.

    Bike cleaning FAQs

    How often do I need to clean my bike?

    Dirt and dust should be removed after every ride. A thorough cleaning is necessary approximately every 150 miles.

    How often should I clean and oil the chain?

    The more you bike, the more often you'll need to tune-up your bike. We recommend the following intervals to regularly clean you chain.

  • For road bikes: Check, clean and grease the chain every 150 miles.
  • For mountain bikes: Check, clean and grease the chain every 70 miles.
  • The bike chain is often neglected. However, be sure to clean and grease it regularly.

    Bicycle chain is cleaned with a cloth
    The bicycle chain is often neglected. However, you should clean and grease it regularly.

    Where can I clean my bike?

    When cleaning, be sure that

  • only eco-friendly agents are used.
  • the ground is dry and does not kick up any dirt. We recommend cleaning on concrete.
  • It is best to clean your bike on asphalt or concrete in your backyard or driveway. If greasing or oiling, you should do such on a piece of cardboard to protect the ground from harmful chemicals. If you have a bathtub that is big enough, you can also clean your bicycle there.

    Our tip: With a mounting stand, you can fix your bike at eye level and get into hard to reach places

    Ready for your next adventure!

    Your bike is spick and span and ready for the next adventure? Make sure your bike fits you from head to toe. In our article „Getting the right bike for you“, you'll learn how to find the right bike for your size.

    If you plan on biking through the Winter, we have some tips for winter biking.

    So that the next bike tour doesn't fall flat, you can't go without a individualised personal jersey. In our 3D Designer you can creatively design high-quality jerseys - for mountain bikes and road bikes alike.

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    Image Credits: Title Image: Vera_Petrunina/iStock, Image 1: AscentXmedia/iStock, Image 2: ZimaNady_klgd/iStock, Image 3: Portra/iStock, Image 4: yanik88/iStock, Image 5: ZimaNady_klgd/iStock, Image 6: yanik88/iStock.